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What is the Toyota Production System (TPS)?

The Toyota production system is an efficient production system that is accepted worldwide by many of the companies and has generally proved to be one of the most effective ways to make a profit and balance production along with the circulation of money. The Toyota Production System is a simple way to get things done quickly, quickly and productively. It is well known for its efficiency and just-in-time concept that results in a continuous product management process and a good self-defense plan for a company to not keep a number of defective products in storage. TPS is famous for its production management process that combines the Jidoka and Just-in-Time concepts, in which a certain number of products are produced to avoid large amounts of stock that are not necessary. Both the Jidoka and Just-in-Time concepts are widely used in companies around the world and are guaranteed to be the two best ways to efficiently manage the production process and maintain stability in a business.

its origin

From its name, ‘Toyota’ is a company from the land of the rising sun, Japan. Japan is, in fact, the most technological country in the world, replete with technology and a wide variety of rituals and cultural shows that amaze the world with its beautiful nature, as well as its wise productivity and business management processes. Developed by Taichii Ohno, the TPS or Toyota Production System works efficiently and has been shared globally with all companies. Many Japanese philosophers at that time brought ideas on process management and productivity to improve companies and increase their efficiency through products and their high quality. Eiji Toyoda gave employees and workers values ​​and importance that increased productivity and teamwork within offices, colleges, and companies.

The Jidoka

Jidoka is a simple concept of visualization and problem determination. It ensures that all the machines or capitals work well without any technical problem. If any problem is detected or if the machines are not working properly, the machines will automatically stop after normal processes are done. Jidoka is generally a quality testing visualization concept that will assure companies of the quality of their products and minimize malfunction of capitals, stocks and loss of profits. With the Jidoka concept, high quality products will be produced. These products of satisfactory quality will be passed on to the following processes. Jidoka is considered simple and technological for its various installations of andons or problem display screens at different points of the company that will show the operators the problems detected by the system. These operators can work on many parts of the production system and can monitor multiple machines at the same time with the help of technology and a well-developed plan, the Jidoka concept. This concept will benefit the entire system by increasing productivity, while improvements lead to better processing power.

Pros and Cons of Jidoka


1. Eliminate waste or defective or malfunctioning products

2. Ensure product quality

3. Provides safety for workers and jobs.

4. Keeps Goals Oriented

5. More percentage of achieving benefits and established expectations


1. High cost of technological tools

2. Specific target market

3. Results in unstable productivity

4. Strict rules and regulations

Just in time

Just-in-Time is a quick and fast concept on the production line that ensures the safety of your businesses by eliminating waste and producing only what is needed by setting the number of products to be produced and when they should be produced. , which will include ways to store products safely. The Just-in-Time concept is used primarily in vehicle or motor businesses that deal largely with vehicle production and transportation plans, including the length of time required to fill orders and the ways in which they are carried out. vehicles transport.

How Just-in-Time works

1. Once an order is placed, it must be delivered as quickly as possible to the first production line.

2. The assembly line or those in charge of vehicle parts such as wheels, colors and seats must have all parts well-equipped and ready to go automatically as soon as possible once an order is placed.

3. The number or quantity of parts has to be the same for both the assembly line and the part production process.

4. The process group above must have spare quantities of all parts of a vehicle and must have at least one quantity recovered by the business operator.

By following 5 simple steps in the process or production line, eliminating waste and inconsistencies will ensure profit expectations as well as standard business requirements. One of the concepts within the Just-in-Time system is the Kanban system. Kanban systems use the idea of ​​supermarket management and productivity. The Kanban system uses codes, serial numbers, and names to make all parts of the production process easy and flexible. It will help improve the structure of the production process as well as keep processes running. The storage idea of ​​the supermarket provides the necessary number of products in relation to the demands of the market and therefore it is convenient for the customers because the products are in stock only in a limited quantity.

Pros and cons of the just-in-time concept


1. The funds that were kept and immobilized in inventories can be used later in other processes

2. Quick response to customer

3. Product quality assured

4. Defect rates are reduced

5. Higher production potential


1. Expensive and costly to introduce

2. Not enough products in stock

3. Not enough time to complete orders/productivity review

4. Strict rules and regulations


The Toyota Production System or the TPS is indeed an efficient way to ensure product quality and make sure products are manufactured quickly and quickly. TPS enables high productivity and increased demand for products. Specific product components can be ordered accordingly; no large amount of stock is kept and waste is effectively disposed of to achieve company goals that are set and guided as well as meet standard requirements.

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